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@thi.ng/idgen

@thi.ng/idgen

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This project is part of the @thi.ng/umbrella monorepo.

About

Generator of opaque numeric identifiers with optional support for ID versioning and efficient re-use.

Previously generated IDs that have been discarded are stored in a memory-efficient implicit list of free IDs and will be re-used. The overall range of IDs can be specified/limited at construction time and is based on a given bit width. The largest range currently supported is 32 bits, less if versioning is enabled (configurable).

If versioning is used, the produced IDs are composite values, i.e. the lowest bits contain the actual ID (e.g for indexing purposes) and other bits contain the version information.

composite ID

Both parts can be extracted via the generator's .id() and .version() methods. Each time a valid versioned ID is being discarded via .free(id), its version is being increased and, depending on use case and usage frequency, will eventually overflow back to 0. Once an ID's version has been updated, the old version is considered invalid. IDs can be checked for validity via .has(id) (in constant time).

Status

ALPHA - bleeding edge / work-in-progress

Installation

yarn add @thi.ng/idgen

Package sizes (gzipped): ESM: 847 bytes / CJS: 895 bytes / UMD: 985 bytes

Dependencies

API

Generated API docs

import { idgen } from "@thi.ng/idgen";

ID generator with 16 bit range and no versioning

const ids = idgen(16, 0);

ids.next();
// 0

ids.next();
// 1

ids.next(2);
// 2

// discard ID 0
ids.free(0);
// true

ids.has(0);
// false

// reuse
ids.next()
// 0

ids.has(0);
// true

ids.next()
// 3

ID generator w/ 24 bit range & 8 bit version range

// the 8bit version range is being deduced automatically (32-24 = 8),
// but can also be overwritten
const ids = idgen(24);

const a = ids.next();
// 0

ids.free(a);
// true

const b = ids.next();
// 16777216

// b is the re-used new version of a
ids.id(b);
// 0

ids.version(b)
// 1

ids.has(b);
// true

// a is invalid at this point
// (even though a's .id() part is the same as b's)
ids.has(a);
// false

IDGen is iterable

const ids = ig.idgen(8);

ids.next();
// 0
ids.next();
// 1
ids.next();
// 2
ids.next();
// 3

ids.free(2);
// true

// only currently used IDs are returned
// NO ordering guarantee!
[...ids]
// [ 3, 1, 0 ]

ids.next();
// 258

[...ids]
// [3, 258, 1, 0]

Authors

Karsten Schmidt

License

© 2019 - 2020 Karsten Schmidt // Apache Software License 2.0

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