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@thi.ng/morton

morton

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This project is part of the @thi.ng/umbrella monorepo.

About

Z-order curve / Morton encoding, decoding & range extraction for arbitrary dimensions.

References:

Status

STABLE - used in production

Search or submit any issues for this package

Related packages

Installation

yarn add @thi.ng/morton
// ES module
<script type="module" src="https://unpkg.com/@thi.ng/morton?module" crossorigin></script>

// UMD
<script src="https://unpkg.com/@thi.ng/morton/lib/index.umd.js" crossorigin></script>

Package sizes (gzipped, pre-treeshake): ESM: 2.02 KB / CJS: 2.16 KB / UMD: 2.13 KB

Dependencies

API

Generated API docs

ZCurve class

The ZCurve class provides nD encoding/decoding and Z index range extraction (for a given nD bounding box). The maximum per-component value range is 32 bits (unsigned!).

Note: All Z indices are encoded as ES BigInt and therefore only available in environments where BigInts are already supported. No polyfill is provided!

TypeScript projects using this class should set their compile target (in tsconfig.json) to "ESNext" to enable BigInt support.

// create new Z-curve for 3D positions and 16bit value range
const z = new ZCurve(3, 16);

z.encode([60000, 30000, 20000]);
// 67807501328384n

z.decode(67807501328384n);
// [ 60000, 30000, 20000 ]

// optimized z-index iteration for given bounding box (min, max)
[...z.range([2, 2, 0], [3, 6, 1])]
// [
//    24n,  25n,  26n,  27n,  28n,
//    29n,  30n,  31n, 136n, 137n,
//   138n, 139n, 140n, 141n, 142n,
//   143n, 152n, 153n, 156n, 157n
// ]

// or as coordinates
[...z.range([2, 2, 0], [3, 6, 1])].map((i) => z.decode(i));
// [
//   [ 2, 2, 0 ], [ 3, 2, 0 ],
//   [ 2, 3, 0 ], [ 3, 3, 0 ],
//   [ 2, 2, 1 ], [ 3, 2, 1 ],
//   [ 2, 3, 1 ], [ 3, 3, 1 ],
//   [ 2, 4, 0 ], [ 3, 4, 0 ],
//   [ 2, 5, 0 ], [ 3, 5, 0 ],
//   [ 2, 4, 1 ], [ 3, 4, 1 ],
//   [ 2, 5, 1 ], [ 3, 5, 1 ],
//   [ 2, 6, 0 ], [ 3, 6, 0 ],
//   [ 2, 6, 1 ], [ 3, 6, 1 ]
// ]

Low level (2D / 3D only)

Source

import * as m from "@thi.ng/morton";

// unsigned 16 bit coords only
m.mux2(23, 42);
// 2461

m.demux2(2461)
// [ 23, 42 ]

// encoded normalized coords (see source for opts)
m.muxScaled2(0.25, 0.75)
// 2594876074

m.demuxScaled2(m.muxScaled2(0.25, 0.75))
// [ 0.2500038147554742, 0.7499961852445258 ]

Authors

Karsten Schmidt

License

© 2015 - 2020 Karsten Schmidt // Apache Software License 2.0

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