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This project is part of the @thi.ng/umbrella monorepo.



Extensible image dithering w/ various algorithm presets. This is a support package for @thi.ng/pixel.

The package provides the following dithering algorithm presets (can also be very easily extended via definition of custom kernels):

  • Atkinson
  • Bayes (ordered dithering w/ customizable sizes & levels)
  • Burkes
  • Diffusion (1D row/column, 2D)
  • Floyd-Steinberg
  • Jarvis-Judice-Ninke
  • Sierra 2-row
  • Stucki
  • Threshold


STABLE - used in production

Search or submit any issues for this package


yarn add @thi.ng/pixel-dither

ES module import:

<script type="module" src="https://cdn.skypack.dev/@thi.ng/pixel-dither"></script>

Skypack documentation

For NodeJS (v14.6+):

node --experimental-specifier-resolution=node --experimental-repl-await

> const pixelDither = await import("@thi.ng/pixel-dither");

Package sizes (gzipped, pre-treeshake): ESM: 1.07 KB


Usage examples

Several demos in this repo's /examples directory are using this package.

A selection:

ScreenshotDescriptionLive demoSource
Showcase of various dithering algorithmsDemoSource
Image dithering and remapping using indexed palettesDemoSource


Generated API docs

import { packedBufferFromImage, GRAY8 } from "@thi.ng/pixel";
import { ditherWith, ATKINSON } from "@thi.ng/pixel-dither";

const img = packedBufferFromImage("foo.jpg");

// apply dithering to all channels in given pixel buffer
ditherWith(ATKINSON, img);

// first convert to 8-bit gray before dithering
ditherWith(ATKINSON, img.as(GRAY8));

// apply dithering to select channels only
// use custom threshold & error spillage/bleed factor
ditherWith(ATKINSON, img, { channels: [1, 2, 3], threshold: 0.66, bleed: 0.75 });

Custom dither kernels

All bundled algorithm presets (apart from orderedDither()) are implemented as DitherKernel configurations for, defining how each dithered pixel's error should be diffused/distributed to neighbors. This approach makes it very easy to define custom dither configs, like so:

const CUSTOM: DitherKernel = {
// X offsets of neighbor pixels to update
ox: [1],
// Y offsets of neighbor pixels to update
oy: [1],
// error weights for updated pixels
weights: [1],
// bit shift (scale factor)
shift: 1,

ditherWith(CUSTOM, img);

The above config will distribute the error to a single pixel @ offset (1,1). However the error will be bit-shifted by 1 bit to the right (aka division-by-2). In code form:

pixels[i + ox + oy * width] += (err * weight) >> shift;

Important: Ensure the offset positions only refer to still unprocessed pixels, i.e. those to the right and/or below the currently processed pixel (in following rows).

You can see the result of this kernel in the pixel-dither demo.


Karsten Schmidt

If this project contributes to an academic publication, please cite it as:

  title = "@thi.ng/pixel-dither",
  author = "Karsten Schmidt",
  note = "https://thi.ng/pixel-dither",
  year = 2021


© 2021 Karsten Schmidt // Apache Software License 2.0

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